The private Style of this new Counselor Questionnaire (PST-Q) was developed because of the Fernandez-Alvarez mais aussi al

(2003), and you may was created to evaluate “the fresh set of features that each therapist can be applied in just about any psychotherapeutic state, for this reason shaping the main options that come with the brand new therapeutic act” (p. 117). The fresh survey assesses five different dimensions: flexibility-rigidity (Instructional subscale), distance-closeness (Expressive subscale), cheaper involvement-greater involvement (Wedding subscale), wide concentrated-thin concentrated (Attentional subscale) and spontaneous-planned (Operative subscale). This is a good 36-goods notice-declaration size filled out because of the practitioners that have answers rated into a measure between 1 (complete argument)so you can eight (complete contract). The new measure shows a test-retest precision of .79, that have Chronbach’s precision coefficients for every subscale, below; informative, .69; expressive, .75; wedding, .78; attentional, .80; surgical, .78. Basis Investigation shown a great KMO = .756 (Look for Desk 1 getting alphas in the current analysis).

Operating Alliance List-Short Function (WAI-S)

The working Alliance Directory (WAI), created by Horvath Greenberg (1986), is actually a great thirty six product survey which are often applied so you can one another readers and you will therapists that will be rated for the a beneficial seven-area Likert sorts of size from1 (never)to seven (always). Tracey and you will Kokotovic (1989) suggested a client and you may counselor Doing work Alliance List-Brief Mode (WAI-S), that contains five activities per subscale (Activity, Goal, and you can Thread) and you will overall WAI-S scores, showing large precision which have alpha account like, as well as better than the WAI into the specialist subscales and total average scores (Activity, leader = .83; Thread, alpha = .91; Purpose, alpha = .88; and you may General Alliance, alpha = .95). Select Dining table 1 to possess alphas in today’s data.

Procedure Number (TL)

The methods Record level are adapted away from Hollis (1995), which catalogued a thorough selection of counseling and you will therapy techniques symbolizing a broad spectrum of philosophical angles. In order to hone that it extensive list according to processes utilized specifically from the cognitive behavioral and you can constructivist cures orientations, we recruited counseling therapy graduate youngsters to see the full variety of 108 procedures procedure and you can price the fresh new the quantity that each method is utilized by each therapeutic method (cognitive behavioural and you can constructivist), having fun with a beneficial 5-area Likert kind of level in one (Never ever otherwise Rarely) to 5 (Constantly or Almost always).


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Sixteen counseling psychology graduate students participated in these ratings (six men, 10 women), with the Mage = (SD = 2.67). Results of a paired differences analysis for all 108 items indicated that there were 77 techniques rated as being used with significantly differential frequency by cognitive behavioral and constructivist therapies. We then divided this distribution of 77 techniques into quartiles and retained the top and bottom quartiles. This resulted in 20 cognitive behavioral techniques (e.g.advice giving, rational restructuring) and 20 constructivist techniques (e.g. emotional processing, reflection) that were rated most significantly different (cognitive behavioral vs. constructivist). This final list of 40 items of therapy techniques (20 cognitive behavioral techniques; 20 constructivist techniques) was used in the current study.

These 40 factors was indeed detailed alphabetically and you will players was in fact requested so you’re able to price the fresh new the amount that they use for each and every strategy within their practice of procedures with each other a good 5-section scale from just one (Never otherwise Rarely)so you can 5 (Always otherwise Always). New product reviews of one’s 20 rationalist affairs had been summed and you will a beneficial mean was computed to help you echo the typical regularity of using rationalist interventions (it is possible to diversity = 1-5), together with same processes was utilized when considering the fresh 20 constructivist interventions.

The fresh brutal research was applied to help you run a confirmatory foundation investigation toward Process Number measure. The modern data are examined having multi-variate normalcy therefore the presumptions was basically fulfilled. All the kurtosis estimates towards the details fell between step one and you will –step 1 details but constructivist situations a dozen, thirteen, 16, and you will 20 and you can intellectual behavioural product step three, which had an effective kurtosis beliefs ranging from 2 and you will –dos. Thus, this type of four points was in fact taken out of the new measure ahead of running the newest confirmatory factor studies.

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